Monday, November 28, 2011

Unit 3 Study Guide Answers

1. The quartering act was an act of British Parliament requiring the colonists to house British Redcoats stationed in America.
2. The Sugar Act was a tax on sugar imported to the colonies.
3. The Stamp Act required the purchase of specially stamped paper for all newspapers, legal documents, licenses, insurance papers, ship’s papers, and even playing cards and dice.
4. Sam Adams was a representative from Massachusetts in the 1st and 2nd Continental Congresses and the supposed leader of the Sons of Liberty.
5. The Declaratory Act informed the colonists that parliament had the "supreme authority to govern the colonies in all cases whatsoever."
6. The Townshend Acts were taxes on imported items to the colonies such as lead, paper, paint, tea, & glass.
7. The Writs of Assistance were pieces of paper gave Redcoats search warrants to enter American homes and look for smuggled goods.
8. The Daughters of Liberty were an anti-British secret society of women.
9. The Boston Massacre is best described as when a group of Redcoats fired into a crowd of Americans on March 5, 1770, five Americans were left dead and a court case followed.
10. John Adams represented the British redcoats and Captain Prescott in the court case that followed the Boston Massacre.
11. Loyalists were Americans that supported KG3 and England.
12. The Second Continental Congress was our wartime government.
13. George Washington was a representative from Virginia to the Second Continental Congress who was elected to be the Commander and Chief of the continental Army.
14. The Olive Branch petition was the 2nd continental Congresses last attempt to talk KG3 into restoring harmony between Britain and America.
15. Washington planned to steal the cannons from Ft. Ticonderoga and use them to free Boston of British occupation.
16. Common Sense was a pamphlet published by Thomas Paine that convinced Americans to support independent.
17. Thomas Jefferson was a representative to the 2nd Continental Congress from Virginia who was chosen to compose the Declaration of Independence.
18. The drafters of the D.o.I. knew that the Southern states would never ratify a document condemning slavery.
19. Locke's theory on Natural Rights being attacked by KG3 is the main argument in the document.
20. The signers of the DOI would be hung.
21. King George III and Parliament attempted to smooth over the Native - English relations by publishing the Proclamation Line of 1763 after the French & Indian War. The line kept Americans from settling West of the Appalachian Mountains.
22. The English was trying to pay off their French and Indian War debt.
23. Americans believed that they were being taxed by Parliament yet had no one representing them in Parliament.
24. The Sons of Liberty made up America's first espionage (spy) network.
25. The Sons of Liberty worked hard to keep people from buying and distributing British goods in America. This method of hurting KG3’s piggy bank is known as boycotting.
26. KG3 is known by the English historical texts as "The Mad King" & "The King That Lost America".
27. Crispus Attucks was the first death of the American Revolution
28. The British were sent to capture Sam Adams, John Hancock, and destroy Patriot military supplies in Concord.
29. Patriots were pro American/anti-KG3 people living in the colonies.
30. John Hancock was the President of the 2nd continental Congress and a representative of Massachusetts.
31. KG3 sent the Congress back a letter stating that the members of Congress would be hanged if they did not "cease in their traitorous behavior."
32. The Massachusetts Militia was adopted as our first American army.
33. The Massachusetts Militia were renamed the continental Army.
34. Lee's resolution stated that, "Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved."
35. Thomas Jefferson was chosen to draft the document because he was from Virginia and he was an excellent writer.
36. Unalienable rights are rights that the government cannot take from you.